Virginia was one of the 13 original colonies, with settlement established by the English as early as 1607 along the James River. Virginia declared independence from Great Britain in 1775, becoming The Commonwealth of Virginia. The Virginia Colony became a state on June 25, 1788.
Richmond became the state capital in 1779, after relocation from Jamestown. Prior to Jamestown, Williamsburg was the first capital, until 1705. Governor Ralph Northam is the current governor of Virginia. There are ninety-five counties and thirty-eight independent cities in Virginia. Below are useful links for researching the executive, legislative and judicial branches.